Cataracts can now be easily and quickly removed through surgery. It's the only way to remove them. There are no medications, dietary supplements, exercises, or optical devices that can cure or slow the progression of cataracts.
Cataract surgery consists of replacing the altered lens material with an artificial lens or intraocular lens.
Bearing in mind that the lens is what allows images to be focused thanks to its dioptric power and that it is going to be replaced by an intraocular lens, we must calculate very precisely what the power of said lens should be.
For this reason, before surgery, a series of diagnostic tests are carried out to check the state of your eye in general and the different structures that make it up in particular (lens, retina, cornea...)
The tests are non-invasive. The patient will only have to look at a light for a few seconds without blinking.
Once all the tests have been carried out, the patient must take a series of prior medication in the form of eye drops. The same day that the tests are carried out, you will be given the appropriate instructions on how and when to administer the medication.
On the same day of the intervention, the most important thing is to go to our center fasting from the night before. This includes NO water intake.
Once the admission procedure has been completed, you will go directly to the surgical area where you will be attended first by the anesthesiologist. He will prepare you for the intervention by placing a line through which a light sedation will be administered that will help you to be totally relaxed, as well as any other type of medication if necessary.
Once in the operating room, a series of anesthetic eye drops will be administered to completely "sleep" the ocular surface. Just before starting the surgery, you will be injected with a more powerful anesthetic that will help numb the eye completely.
The purpose of the intervention is to remove the hardened and opacified lens and replace it with an intraocular lens or artificial lens.
To do this, a small 2.5mm incision is made on the edge of the cornea through which a small probe is inserted. This probe has three functions: to emit ultrasounds -to fragment the lens-, to aspirate the cloudy lens material and to irrigate -to compensate for the loss of extracted material and maintain intraocular pressure at correct levels-.
Subsequently, the intraocular lens is placed to replace the natural lens and the incision is closed simply by hydrating the wound.
At the end of the procedure, the patient will come out on his own and, although the vision will not be perfect, it will be good enough to lead a practically normal life.
It is not recommended that the patient be completely asleep during the intervention since some collaboration is required. You simply have to look at a light that will be placed on your eye. This is important because if he were asleep, the eye would not be properly positioned and could complicate the surgical maneuvers and cause the lens to not be properly centered.
No. The amount of anesthetic, both topical and local administered, together with the sedation, will make the patient feel absolutely no pain. In any case, he may notice a certain sensation of pressure, but never pain.
It must be taken into account that recovery implies the regeneration of certain tissues that, although minimally, have been manipulated. Each patient, depending on many factors, will recover more or less quickly. Now, in general, we will have a more than acceptable vision from 5-7 days after the intervention and a much more normalized vision after about 3 or 4 weeks.
In general, you will be able to lead a normal life practically from the first day. Still there will be certain restrictions:
WILL NOT BE ABLE:
YES YOU CAN
The intervention lasts about 10 minutes per eye and, at the end, the patient can go home on their own feet. The vision begins to be more than acceptable from the next day
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