The retina is a structure that covers the entire back of the eyeball on the inside. It is full of receptors that are in charge of processing everything we see and, through the optic nerve, transmitting it to our brain so that it can interpret it.
There is a very specific and small area on the retina called the macula. It is where the images of what we focus with our eyes are reflected. That is, with the macula we obtain our central vision and the rest of the retina gives us peripheral vision.
The eyeball maintains its shape and consistency thanks to a gelatinous substance that fills it called the vitreous humor.
Two of the most important conditions that can occur in these structures are retinal detachment and the appearance of myodesopsia or floaters. In both cases, the only solution is surgical intervention, called a vitrectomy.
In the case of floaters, the intervention is very fast. It is a matter of slowly breathing in the condensations of the vitreous humor (myodesopsia). As for retinal detachment, it may be related to some type of retinopathy that causes abnormal growth of blood vessels. This fact causes the retina to break and detach. They are usually more complex cases and require different techniques and instruments to reposition the retina in place.
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