The retina, together with the macula and the optic nerve, are three structures located in the innermost part of the eye, known as the posterior segment or pole. There are many diagnostic devices available in the office that are capable of analysing them in depth. But before any of these tests are performed, we have much quicker methods to make an initial assessment. These are ophthalmoscopes – both indirect and direct – which allow us to make a quick examination of these structures and discern whether they present any obvious problems.

In order to carry out the examination with greater accuracy and comfort for the doctor, it may be necessary to dilate the pupil with eye drops. This provides a much larger “window” through which to observe the entire anterior pole more accurately. Furthermore, it is a test that can be performed at any age, from children and adolescents to the elderly.

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